مركز القواعد باللغة العربية
منتدى القواعد العامة
   
مركز القواعد باللغة الإنجليزية
الشات
   
 
     
 
 
    Second Conditional
Menu
Basics
- Parts of Speech
- Direct and Indirect Speech
Nouns
- Regular Plurals of Nouns
- Irregular Plurals of Nouns
- Count and Non-Count Nouns
- How to Count Non-Count Nouns
- Count and Non-Count Nouns (Review)
Verbs -Tenses
- Verbs
- Simple Present
- Simple Present: Negatives and Questions
- Present Continuous
- Present Perfect Continuous
- Present Continuous: Negatives and Questions
- Present Simple or Present Continuous?
- Present Perfect: Forms
- Present Perfect: Uses
- Present Perfect
- Simple Past: Regular Verbs
- Simple Past: Irregular Verbs
- Simple Past: Negatives and Questions
- Present Perfect and Simple Past
- Past Continuous
 - Past Perfect
- Past Perfect Continuous
- Future: Forms
- Future: “Will”
- Future: “Be Going To”
- Future Perfect tense
- future continues tense
- Future Perfect Continues Tense
- Stative and Dynamic Verbs
Verbs -Gerunds and Infinitives
- Gerunds and Infinitives
- Gerunds
Verbs -Modals
- Modals of Ability: Can, Could, Be able to, May, Might
-  Modals of Advice- Should, Ought to, Had better
 -  Modals of Necessity- Must, Have got to, Have to
- Modals with “Not”- Must not, Do not have to
-  Modals of Polite Request: Would you, Could you, Will you, Can you
Conditionals IF
-  Zero Conditional
- First Conditional
- Second Conditional
- Third Conditional
- if only
Causatives
- Causatives
Pronouns
- personal pronouns
- Demonstrative Pronouns
- Subject and Object Pronouns
- Possessive Pronouns and Adjectives
- Reflexive Pronouns
- Impersonal “It” and “There”
- Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns
- relative Pronouns  { Whom, Whose, and Who's }
-  Collective Nouns and Pronouns
Interrogative Pronouns
Adjectives
- Comparatives and Superlatives
- Adjective Order
- Adjective Clauses
Adverbs
- Adverbs
- Adverb Phrases
- Adverb Clauses
- Adverbs of manners
- Adverbs of place, & direction
- Adverbs of time & duration
- Adverbs of Certainty
- Adverbs Of degree
- Interrogative Adverbs
- Relative Adverbs
- VIEWPOINT , COMMENTING and Attitude ADVERBS
- Frequency Adverbs
- Adverbial nouns
Articles/Determiners
- Some and Any
- a/an, the
Prepositions
- Basic Prepositions
Prepositions of Position — in, at, on
Prepositions of Time — in, at, on
Prepositions of Time — for, during, while
Conjunctions, Transitions, and Linking
- Basic Coordinating Conjunctions
- Basic Subordinating Conjunctions
Punctuation
- Capitalization Rules
- Periods - Full Stops .
- Apostrophes '
- Question Mark ?
- Using Commas ,
- Using COLONS :
- Using SEMI-COLONS ;
- Using Colons and Semi-Colons { review }
- Dashes —
- Parentheses ( )
- Using Hyphens -
- Exclamation mark !
- brackets [  ]
- ellipsis  ...
- slash \
Others
- Making Basic Questions
- Basic Question Types
- WH Question Words
أدوات الدرس
Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Quiz 5 Quiz 6 Quiz 7        

Introduction


The second conditional (also called conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about unreal situations in the present or in the future. This page will explain how the second conditional is formed, and when to use it.

The structure of a second conditional sentence

Like a first conditional, a second conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause:

if clause
main clause
If I had a million dollars,
I would buy a big house.

If the "if" clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comes second, there is no need for a comma:

main clause
if clause
I would buy a big house
if I had a million dollars.

We use different verb forms in each part of a second conditional:

if clause
if + subject + simple past verb*
main clause
subject + would + verb

*Note that this "simple past" form is slightly different from usual in the case of the verb BE. Whatever the subject, the verb form is "were", not "was": If I were rich, I'd buy a big house.


Using the second conditional

The second conditional is used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or not possible) in the present or the future -- things which don't or won't happen:

Example
Explanation
If I were you, I would drive more carefully in the rain.
I am not you -- this is unreal.
Paula would be sad if Jan left.
Jan will not leave -- that's not going to happen.
If dogs had wings, they would be able to fly.
Dogs don't have wings -- that's impossible.


أدوات الدرس
Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Quiz 5 Quiz 6 Quiz 7