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نبرة الصوت Intonation In Question Tags

الموضوع في 'ملتقى قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية Grammar' بواسطة aiman.h.kallaf, بتاريخ ‏19 إبريل 2014.

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  1. aiman.h.kallaf

    aiman.h.kallaf active member

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    نبرة الصوت Intonation In Question Tags
    [​IMG]

    Tag Questions:
    Intonation
    Statements
    are normally said with falling intonation. Yes / No
    questions
    are normally said with rising intonation. The intonation
    of tag endings is different from both of these.

    In tag questions, the tag endings (for example, isn't he?, is he?,
    hadn't they?, can he? ) have two different intonations:

    upload_2014-4-19_12-24-18.gif
    falling intonation
    and
    upload_2014-4-19_12-26-25.gif
    rising intonation
    The intonation (falling / rising) of the tag endings is in addition
    to
    the intonation of the statement to which the tag ending is attached.
    This means that after the normal intonation (falling) of the statement,
    there will be the intonation of the tag ending (falling or rising):

    Question 4 is difficult, upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif isn't it? upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif

    Question 4 is difficult, upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif isn't it? upload_2014-4-19_12-26-10.gif


    The falling or rising intonation of the tag endings communicates
    different information.


    Tag Endings
    with
    Falling Intonation



    When someone asks a tag question and the question tag has falling
    intonation, the person who asks the questions is fairly sure that
    the statement before the tag ending is correct. Because the person
    asking the question is not 100% sure, however, he or she still
    wants confirmation.

    Example:

    I think a question is difficult and want to know if you feel the
    same way, so I say

    Q: Question 4 is difficult, upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif isn't it? upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif A: Yes, it's difficult. / No, it isn't difficult. / I don't know.


    Q: Question 4 isn't difficult, upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif is it? upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif A: Yes, it's difficult. / No, it isn't difficult. / I don't know.


    Tag Endings
    with
    Rising Intonation



    When someone asks a tag question and the tag has rising
    intonation, the person who asks the question is much less sure
    that the statement before the tag ending is correct. However,
    he or she still wants confirmation:

    Example:

    I think I have the answer for question 4 but am not very sure.
    I want to see if you agree with me (or if you will tell me what
    the answer is), so I say

    Q: Question 4 is difficult, upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif isn't it? upload_2014-4-19_12-25-54.gif A: Yes, it's difficult. / No, it isn't difficult. / I don't know.


    Q: Question 4 isn't difficult, upload_2014-4-19_12-24-42.gif is it? upload_2014-4-19_12-25-51.gif A: Yes, it's difficult. / No, it isn't difficult. / I don't know.




    ____________________________________________________



    Remember:

    The answers for tag questions are the true answers. They may
    or may not be the expected answers.

    Examples:

    Q: Dave Sperling isn't married, is he?A: Yes, he's married. His wife's name is Dao.


    Q: Dave Sperling has two sons, doesn't he?A: No. He has one son and one daughter.


  2. aiman.h.kallaf

    aiman.h.kallaf active member

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    Intonation In Question Tags

    When a tag is spoken, the voice can go up or down. If the voice goes up, it is called Rising Intonation and if it goes down, it is called Falling Intonation. It is a nice day today, isn't it?

    A falling intonation means that the speaker is sure (or almost sure) that the statement is true. The speaker knows that it is a nice day. The tag is not a real question. He is inviting his friend to continue the conversation.

    You have been on holiday, haven’t you?

    A rising intonation means that the speaker is less sure. He thinks that his friend has been on holiday, but he isn’t sure. The tag is more like a real question. -
  3. aiman.h.kallaf

    aiman.h.kallaf active member

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    في جميع الامثلة السابقة تنقسم نبرة الصوت الى قسمين .
    الجزء الأول يكون دائما منخفض و الذي يختلف الجزء الأستفهامي اما ان يرتفع او ينخفض .
    يرتفع اذا لمن نكن متأكدين من الاجابة و نرغب بالحصول على تأكيد
    و ينخفض اذا كنا نعرف الاجابة و لكن نرغب في الحصول على تأكيد عيها .

    مثال :

    You have been on holiday, haven’t you?

    الجزء الأول دائما تكون النبرة في انخفاض ( you have been on holiday )
    الجزء الثاني الذي قد يختلف كما في المثال السابق النبرة مرتفعة في الجزء الاستفهامي ( haven't you ? ) و هذا يعني ان السائل لديه شكوك و يرغب بالتأكد من المعلوة
    و لو كان نبرة الصوت منخفضة في الجزء الإستفهامي ( haven't you ? ) فهذا يعني ان السائل يعلم انه كان في اجازة لكن يرغب بالتأكد من المعلومة ايضا .
  4. h-h

    h-h member

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    عافاك الله يالغلا وسدد الله خطاك وشكرا على المجهود الرائع
  5. albadranib

    albadranib member

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  6. albadranib

    albadranib member

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